FestivalsFestivals are used as a means to remember ancestors and be favored with protection from them. Also, festivals are often held in order to purify the area to allow people to go into a new year with hope. If you are visiting Ghana, you'll definitely want to consider visiting some of these Ghana festivals, so here are a few that will give you a better idea of Ghana culture.
Homowo Festival in Accra
Homowo (hooting at hunger) is one of the colourful festivals celebrated by the people of Ga (Accra) Traditional Area. it is characterised by rituals such as the sprinkling of "Kpokpoi" (the festival dish) to the gods and ancestors for spiritual protection,procession of twins through the principal streets, traditional drumming and dancing and general merry-making. A month before the celebration, there is a ban of noise making. A climax of the festival is that from 12 noon to 6:00pm any woman, no matter the status, should accept a hug from a man on the festival street.
On the first Saturday of every November, a grand durbar of chiefs and people is held at Anloga, the traditional home of the Anlo-speaking Ewes.
This Festival is celebrated by the people of Simpa or Winneba in the Central Region of Ghana
Jintigi Fire Festival
It is celebrated by the chiefs and people of Gonjaland in April every year.
The Damba festival is categorized into three main festivals, namely;
*Somo Damba *Naa Damba *Belkusi Damba
It is celebrated under the lunar calendar by the people of Dagbon, Mamprugu, Gonja, Mamprugui, Nanumba.
Bugum Chugu (Fire) Festival
The Bugum Chugu is celebrated throughout the Northern Region by the Dagombas, the Nanumbas and the Mamprusis.
Asafotifiam is an annual festival celebrated by the people of Ada.
It is an annual festival to facilitate the recovery of the Sakuma Lagoon for burper harvest.
Kpini Chugu (Guinea Fowl Festival
This festival is observed in the Dagbon, Mamprugu and Nanung Traditional Areas as a minor festival.
The Gologo or Golib festival is celebrated by the Telensis who reside at Tenzug.
It is held at Paga, Chiana, Kayoro in the Page/Chiana and Kayoro Traditional Areas.
This Festival is celebrated by the Kusasis in the Bawku Traditional Area in November...
Fordjour (Yam Festival)
It is celebrated in the months of August and September. This yam festival is celebrated annually by the chiefs and people of Badu in the Wenchi.
Edina Bakatue Festival
Literally translated means "The opening of the Lagoon" or the Draining of the Lagoon". It is celebrated to commemorate the founding of the town, Elmina by the Europeans. It is also celebrated to invoke the deity, Nana Benya's continuous protection of the state and its people.
The festival literally meaning "path-clearing", is celebrated by the people of Agona in the Central Region.
PPan-African Historic Festival is a major biennial event of cultural forum for Africans and people of African descent as well as friends of the continent committed to the noble cause of Pan Africanism.
The Odwira Festival, which is celebrated by the Denkyira people, runs for weeks, beginning at Jukwa, the traditional capital, and ends at Dunkwa-on Offin, the administrative capital. It signifies cleansing or bathing their ancestors and lesser gods. Drumming and firing of guns are done to announce the festival in the palace. There is wailing and weeping by the women amidst the firing of guns by the Asafo companies. Its significance is to remember the departed.
Bobum or Dipo Festival
Dipo is celebrated in April by the people of Manya and Yilo Krobo in the towns of Krobo Odumase and Somanya, about 80 kilometres north of Accra.
Odwira and Ohum Festivals
Akuapem Odwira and Chum Festivals, two of the famous and most important cultural festivals celebrated in the country, are celebrated in turns by the chains of towns on the Akuapem Ridge.
Celebrated in Akyem (Abuakwa Traditional area).
The festival is celebrated twice a year. These are known as OhumKan and OhumKyire and celebrated in June/July and September/ October respectively
Klovo Sikplemi Festival
Celebrated in Somanya during the period of November and its significance is paying of homage to ancestral home on the Krobo mountains.
Boaram is the festival for the Talensis in the Bongo Tradition Area who reside at Bongo. It is held between october and November every year.
The people of Sekondi celebrate their annual Kundum Festival between July and August. It is believed that Kundum originated from Ahanta Aboade, a village on the Tarkwa- Takoradi road.
Adae Kese Festival
This is a very important, albeit rare celebration of the Ashantis. It is held in a large open space in the capital city of Kumasi. The festival is normally well attended and embraced by Ashantis.